Internacionalização da Educação Superior: redefinições, justificativas e estratégias

Palavras-chave: internacionalização e Educação Superior, internacionalização da Educação Superior, conceitos de internacionalização, razões da internacionalização, estratégias de internacionalização

Resumo

Neste texto de cunho teórico, tratamos de três aspectos que consideramos relevantes para a compreensão do tema da internacionalização da Educação Superior: (1) conceitos de internacionalização da Educação Superior, destacando as diferentes perspectivas de sua definição; (2) razões ou rationales da internacionalização da Educação Superior, sintetizadas em duas grandes categorias por alguns autores – razões políticas e econômicas e razões culturais e educacionais – ou em quatro por outros autores – razões política, econômica, sociocultural e acadêmica; e (3) estratégias de internacionalização da Educação Superior, traduzidas num conjunto de atividades que operacionalizam a política da instituição universitária. A implementação da política de internacionalização implica comprometimento efetivo, seja no nível estatal, seja no nível institucional, com sua incorporação explícita nos propósitos e funções atuais da universidade contemporânea.

Biografia do Autor

José Camilo dos Santos Filho, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP).
Ph.D. em Educação pela University of Southern California. Mestre em Educação pela University of Southern California. Mestre em Administração Pública pela University of Southern California. Professor na Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) 

Referências

ARUM, Stephen; VAN DE WATER, Jack. The need for a definition of international education in US universities. In: KLASEK, Charles B. (Ed.). Bridges to the future: strategies for internationalizing Higher Education. Carbondale: Association of International Education Administrators, 1992. p. 191-203.

AYOUBI, Rami M.; MASSOUD, Hiba K. The strategy of internationalization in Universities. International Journal of Educational Management, v. 21, n. 4, p. 339-49, 2007.

BRANDENBURG, Uwe; FEDERKEIL, Gero. How to measure internationality and internationalization of Higher Education institutions: indicators and key figures. Working paper n. 92. Berlin: Centre for Higher Education Development, 2007.

DELGADO-MÁRQUEZ, Blanca L.; HURTADO-TORRES, Nuria Ester; BONDAR, Yarslava. La internacionalización en la Enseñanza Superior: investigación teórica y empírica sobre su influencia en las clasificaciones de las instituciones universitarias. Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento, Barcelona, v. 8, n. 2, p. 101-20, jul. 2011.

DE WIT, Hans; HUNTER, Fiona. The future of internationalization of Higher Education. International Higher Education, Boston, n. 83, p. 23, 2015. Disponível em: https://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/view/9073 Acesso em: 10 mar. 2017.

DE WIT, Hans. Internationalization of Higher Education: nine misconceptions. International Higher Education, Boston, n. 64, Summer, p. 6-7, 2011. Disponível em: https://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/view/8556/8321. Acesso em: 10 mar. 2017.

DE WIT, Hans. Internationalization of Higher Education in the United States of America and Europe: a historical comparative and conceptual analysis. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.

ELKIN, Graham; FARMSWORTH, John; TEMPLER, Andrew. Strategy and the internationalization of Universities. International Journal of Educational Management, v. 22, n. 3, p. 239-50, 2008.

GREEN, Madeleine F.; OLSON, Christa. Internationalizing the campus: a strategic approach. International Educator, v. XII, n. 1, p. 13-21, 2003.

GREEN, Madeleine F.; SHOENBERG, Robert. Where faculty live: internationalizing the disciplines. Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 2006.

HANSON, Katharine; MEYERSON, Joel. International challenges to American Colleges and Universities: looking ahead. Phoenix, AZ: American Council on Education and The Oryx Press, 1995.

HARARI, Maurice. The internationalization of the curriculum. In: KLASEK, Charles B. (Ed.). Bridges to the future: strategies for internationalizing Higher Education. Carbondale, IL: Association of International Education Administrators, 1992. p. 52-79.

HÉNARD, Fabrice; DIAMON, Leslie; ROSEVEARE, Debora. Approaches to internationalisation and their implications for strategic management and institutional practice: a guide for Higher Education institutions. OECD Higher Education Programme IMHE, 2012. Disponível em: https://www.oecd.org/edu/imhe/Approaches%20to%20internationalisation%20-%20final%20-%20web.pdf. Acesso em: 15 jul. 2016.

JAVALGI, Rajshekhar G.; GRIFFITH, David A.; WHITE, D. Steven. An empirical examination of factors influencing the internationalization of service firms. Journal of Services Marketing, v. 17, n. 2, p. 185-201, 2003.

KLASEK, Charles B. (Ed.). Bridges to the future: strategies for internationalizing Higher Education. Carbondale, IL: Association of International Education Administrators, 1992.

KNIGHT, Jane. Five truths about internationalization. International Higher Education, Boston, n. 69, p. 1-4. Fall, 2012a. Disponível em: https://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/view/8644/7776. Acesso em: 10 nov. 2016.

KNIGHT, Jane. Student mobility and internationalization: trends and tribulations. Research in Comparative and International Education, v. 7, n. 1, p. 20-33, 2012b. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2012.7.1.20. Acesso em: 10 nov. 2016.

KNIGHT, Jane. Five myths about internationalization. International Higher Education, Boston, n. 62, p. 14-5, Winter, 2011. Disponível em: https://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/view/8532/7666. Acesso em: 10 nov. 2016.

KNIGHT, Jane. Un modelo de internacionalización: respuesta a nuevas realidades y retos. In: DE WIT, Hans; JARAMILLO, Isabel Cristina; GACEL-AVILA, Jocelyne; KNIGHT, Jane. Educación Superior en América Latina: la dimensión internacional. Bogotá: Banco Mundial en coedición con Mayol Ediciones, 2005. p. 1-38.

KNIGHT, Jane. Internationalization remodeled: definition, approaches, and rationales. Journal of Studies in International Education, v. 8, n. 1, p. 5-32, Spring, 2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315303260832.

KNIGHT, Jane. Updating the definition of internationalization. International Higher Education, Boston, n. 33, Fall, p. 2-3, 2003. Disponível em: https://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/view/7391/6588. Acesso em: 10 nov. 2016.

KNIGHT, Jane. Internationalization of Higher Education. In: OECD. Quality and internationalisation in Higher Education. Paris: Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education, 1999. p. 13-28.

KNIGHT, Jane. Internationalization of Higher Education: a conceptual framework. In: KNIGHT, Jane; DE WIT, Hans (Org.). Internationalization of Higher Education in Asia Pacific countries. Amsterdam: European Association for International Education, 1997. p. 5-19.

KNIGHT, Jane. Internationalization: elements & checkpoints. Ottawa: Canadian Bureau for International Education, 1994.

KNIGHT, Jane; DE WIT, Hans (Ed.). Internationalization of Higher Education in Asia Pacific countries. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development, Case Studies and Stocktake; Camberra: DEETYA, 1997.

KNIGHT, Jane; DE WIT, Hans. Strategies for internationalization of Higher Education: historical and conceptual perspectives. In: DE WIT, Hans (Ed.). Strategies for internationalization of Higher Education. Amsterdam: EAIA, 1995. p. 5-32.

LIMA, Manolita Correia; CONTEL, Fábio Betioli. Períodos e motivações da internacionalização da Educação Superior brasileira. In: COLLOQUE DE L´ IFBAE, 5., 18-19 maio 2009, Grenoble. Anais [...]. Grenoble, 2009. Disponível em: http://www.ifbae.com.br/congresso5/pdfB0095.pdf . Acesso em: 14 jul. 2016.

LIPSETT, Anthea. Rise in university gender pay gap. The Guardian, 30 March, 2009. Disponível em: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/mar/30/rise-universities-gender-pay-gap. Acesso em: 14 jul. 2016.

MARMOLEJO, Francisco. Internationalization of Higher Education: the good, the bad, and the unexpected. Chronicle of Higher Education, Washington, DC, October 22, 2010. Disponível em: http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/worldwise/internationalization-of-higher-education-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unexpected/27512 . Acesso em: 14 jul. 2016.

MCGOWAN, Sue; POTTER, Lucy. The implications of the Chinese learner for the internationalization of the curriculum: an Australian perspective. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, v. 19, n. 2, p. 181-98, fev. 2008.

MESTENHAUSER, Josef A.; ELLINGBOE, Brenda J. Reforming the Higher Education curriculum: internationalizing the campus. Phoenix, AZ: American Council on education & Oryx Press, 1998.

MIURA, Irene Kazumi. O processo de internacionalização da Universidade de São Paulo: um estudo em três áreas de conhecimento. 2006. Tese (Livre-Docência) -Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade da Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, 2006.

MUELLER, Cristina Verônica. O processo de internacionalização do Ensino Superior: um estudo de caso da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. 2013. 178f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Relações Internacionais) - Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, 2013.

OLSON, David M.; DINERSTEIN, Eric; WIKRAMANAYAKE, Eric D.; BURGESS, Neil D.; POWELL, George V. N.; UNDERWOOD, Emma. C.; LOUCKS, Colby J. Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on earth: a new global map of terrestrial ecoregions provides an innovative tool for conserving biodiversity. BioScience, v. 51, n. 11, p. 933-8, 2001.

PICKERT, Sarah; TURLINGTON, Barbara. Internationalizing the undergraduate curriculum: a Handbook for Campus leaders. Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 1992.

POWELL, Colin. Statement for International Education Week. U.S. State Department, 2004. Disponível em: http://state.gov.iew/statements/powell.htm . Acesso em: 14 jul. 2016.

SCHOORINAN, Dilys. The pedagogical implications of diverse conceptualizations of internationalization: a U.S. based case study. Journal of Studies in International Education, v. 3, n. 2, p. 19-46, 1999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/102831539900300203.

SODERQVIST, Minna. Internationalization and its management at Higher Education institutions: applying conceptual, content and discourse analysis. Helsinki, Finlândia: Helsinki School of Economics, 2002.

VAN DER WENDE, Marijk. Internationalization of Higher Education in the OECD countries: challenges and opportunities for the coming decade. Journal of Studies in International Education, v. 11, n. 3-4, Fall-Winter, p. 274-89, 2007.

Publicado
2020-04-01
Seção
Dossiê